Constitution

~ Adopted on October 16, 1965 ~

As amended May 29, 1976; May 6, 1978; May 19, 2012, May 31, 2014 and September 29, 2017.
 

ARTICLE I – NAME, DURATION AND HEADQUARTERS

An association governed by the present constitution as well as by Articles 60 et seq. of the Swiss Civil Code is constituted under the name Harvard Law School Association of Europe (the "Association").

The Association is constituted for an unlimited duration. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland.

This Association is the continuation of the Harvard Law School Association of Europe, which was founded in 1965.

ARTICLE II – PURPOSE

The purpose of this Association shall be to advance the cause of legal education, and to promote the interests and increase the usefulness of the Harvard Law School, to further the organization of local or regional associations in Europe, and to promote mutual acquaintance and good fellowship among all members of the Association.


ARTICLE III – MEMBERS

Section 1 Membership shall be divided into three classes: (i) ordinary members, (ii) honorary members and (iii) associate members.

Section 2 All alumni of the Harvard Law School residing in Europe shall be eligible for membership as ordinary members.

Section 3 Honorary members of the Association may be elected by the Board of Governors upon recommendation of the Officers.

Section 4 The class of associate members of the Association shall comprise those alumni of the Harvard Law School who do not reside in Europe, but who have an interest in Europe.

Section 5 Any member may become a life member upon paying the life membership fee.

Section 6 The application for admission as a member shall be made in writing (including email) to the Officers who decide upon the requests for admission.


ARTICLE IV – DUES

Section 1 The annual dues of ordinary and associate members shall be EUR 60 per year or such other reasonable amount as may be fixed from time to time by decision of the General Assembly. The Officers may set reduced annual dues for members applicable to the first up to five years after graduation from the Harvard Law School.

Section 2 The life membership fee shall be twenty times the annual dues for the year of payment. It shall relieve the life member from any further payment of dues.


ARTICLE V – VOTING

Section 1 Every member shall be entitled to one vote to be cast in person upon any question presented at any General Assembly of the Association.

Section 2 No member may vote by proxy, but write-in votes are permitted.

Section 3 Members shall have the right to elect the Board of Governors designated in Article VI and the Officers designated in Article VII.
 

ARTICLE VI – BOARD OF GOVERNORS

Section 1 The Governors are elected by the General Assembly.

Section 2 The Board of Governors shall advise the Officers on important Association matters.

Section 3 The Board of Governors shall consist of no less than five and no more than twenty-five members, it being the desire to elect a Governor from each European country where a significant number of alumni reside.

Section 4 The regular term of service shall be three years. Upon expiration of his/her term, each member of the Board of Governors shall be eligible for reelection.

Section 5 Each member of the Board of Governors shall serve until his/her regular term of service has passed and until his/her successor is duly elected and qualified at the next annual General Assembly.

Section 6 The function of Governor is not incompatible with the function of Officer.

Section 7 The Board of Governors shall have power to fill for the unexpired term any vacancy occurring in its own membership.

Section 8 The Board of Governors shall meet at least once a year or otherwise, as it may determine, at a time and place fixed by the Board of Governors.

Section 9 Three Governors present or represented at a meeting shall constitute a quorum. A majority vote of the members of the Board present at any meeting or represented by proxy shall decide any question before the Board.

Section 10 The Board may act by mail, by telephone or otherwise as it may determine.

Section 11 The Board of Governors shall, acting pursuant to Article IV, Section 4.2(b) of the Constitution of the Harvard Law School Association, have the power to appoint from time to time one or more ordinary members of the Association to serve as delegate(s) of the General Membership of the Council of the Harvard Law School Association. Such delegates shall be entitled to attend, and, when attending in person, to vote, at all meetings of the General Membership of the Council of the Harvard Law School Association and shall have the powers granted to such delegates by the Constitution of the Harvard Law School Association.
 

ARTICLE VII – OFFICERS

Section 1 The Officers are elected by the General Assembly.

Section 2 The affairs of the Association shall be controlled by the Officers. The Officers have authority to represent the Association vis-à-vis third parties.

Section 3 The Officers of the Association shall be a President, a President Elect, two or more Vice Presidents, a Secretary, one or more Assistant Secretaries, and a Treasurer.

Section 4 The regular term of service of Officers shall be three years, except (i) for the President Elect, who shall be elected at the second annual General Assembly following the election of Officers and shall serve a term of one year as President Elect and three years as President, and (ii) as otherwise decided by the members on a case-by-case basis on recommendation of the Board of Governors.

Section 5 Upon expiration of his/her term, each Officer shall be eligible for reelection.

Section 6 Each Officer shall serve until his/her regular term of service has passed and until his/her successor is duly elected and qualified at the next annual meeting.

Section 7 The Officers shall have power to fill for the unexpired term any vacancy occurring in their own membership.

Section 8 A majority of the Officers, present at a meeting or represented by proxy, shall constitute a quorum at any of its meetings. A majority vote of the Officers shall decide any question brought before them.

Section 9 The President and the Treasurer shall have the power to designate and appoint any qualified bank as a depository of the Association.
 

ARTICLE VIII – GENERAL ASSEMBLIES

Section 1 The General Assembly is the supreme authority of the Association.

Section 2 The General Assembly of the Association shall be held at such time and place as shall be fixed by the Officers in accordance with the Board of Governors.

Section 3 The General Assembly must be convened if one fifth of the members so request.

Section 4 The members present at any General Assembly shall constitute a quorum. A vote of a majority of the members present shall decide any matter brought before such meeting.

Section 5 Notice of General Assemblies shall be given by publication in the Harvard Law School Bulletin or in such manner as the Officers shall direct.
 

ARTICLE IX – COMMITTEES

Section 1 The Officers may in their discretion create committees, including a nominating committee, elect or appoint their members and define their powers.

Section 2 Any committee may act and ballot by mail, by telephone or otherwise as it may wish or as the Officers may direct.
 

ARTICLE X – REPORTS

The Treasurer shall transmit each year a summary report of the finances of the Association and of the purposes of its expenditures to the Board of Governors and the other Officers.
 

ARTICLE XI – FINANCIAL RESOURCES

The financial resources of the Association shall in particular consist of:

(i) membership fees;

(ii) registration fees for the events organized by the Association;

(iii) donations from members or third parties; and

(iv) financial contributions made by the Harvard Law School to alumni organizations.
 

ARTICLE XII – DISSOLUTION

In the event of dissolution or other termination of the affairs of this Association, its assets shall be paid over to the Harvard Law School to fund scholarships for one or more European LL.M. students.
 

ARTICLE XIII – AMENDMENTS

This Constitution may be amended by a majority vote of members of the Association present at any General Assembly, notice of which includes the text of any proposed amendment to this Constitution.